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The Gospel According to Islam

Copyright 1979 by Dr. Ahmad Shafaat

Chapter 1 Chapter 4 Chapter 7 Chapter 10 Chapter 13 Chapter 16 Chapter 19 Chapter 22 Chapter 25
Chapter 2 Chapter 5 Chapter 8 Chapter 11 Chapter 14 Chapter 17 Chapter 20 Chapter 23 Chapter 26
Chapter 3 Chapter 6 Chapter 9 Chapter 12 Chapter 15 Chapter 18 Chapter 21 Chapter 24 Chapter 27

CHAPTER 13

  1. And when Jesus saw the disciples of John, he was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd. (Note 1)

  2. And one evening he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God. (Note 2)

  3. And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples and of them he chose twelve. (Note 3)

  4. Simon (whom he also named Peter or Caiphas, meaning Stone) and his brother Andrew.

  5. And James and John, the sons of Zebedee (whom he called Boanerges, which is, the sons of thunder)

  6. And Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot.

  7. And these twelve he chose that he might send them to preach,

  8. And to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils.

  9. But Jesus knew not that one of them, Judas Iscariot, will betray him,

  10. That the world may know that the prophets can do nothing without the Lord's leave and that they can see nothing which they are not shown.

  11. And Jesus sent forth the twelve, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles and into any city of the Samaritans enter you not:

  12. But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. (Note 4)

  13. And provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses,

  14. Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.

  15. And into whatsoever city or town you shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till you go thence.

  16. And whosoever shall not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart thence, shake off the dust of your feet.

  17. Verily I say to you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of Judgment, than for that city.

  18. And they went out, and preached, saying, Repent, for the kingdom of God is at hand. (Note 5)

  19. And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

  20. And Jesus also departed thence to teach and preach. (Note 6)

Go to Chapter 14


 

Notes (Chapter 13)

1Cf. Mark 6:34. Matthew (14:14) modifies Mark's statement considerably. First of all, he omits Mark's words "because they were as sheep not having a shepherd," which he puts after reporting about John's messengers sent from the prison (Matt. 9:36). Secondly, while Mark says that "he began to teach them many things," Matthew says that "he healed their sick." Luke tries to combine both versions. Mark's statement rightly suggests that it was after John's death that Jesus truly began to act as the leader of the Baptist movement. [return]

2On this night, Jesus pondered what he should do in his new capacity as the sole leader of the Baptist movement. With the enthusiasm of a new leader, he decided to expand his missionary work and to reach a wider audience with the message of spiritual renewal. He chose about twelve of his close disciples and sent them to preach. About the names of these "apostles," there are substantial discrepancies among the first five books of the New Testament, and for this reason, it is doubtful whether there was from the beginning a well-defined group of twelve ordained apostles. Apostleship was probably a temporary function, wholly ad personam. The number "twelve" (= the number of Israeli tribes) suggests that Jesus formed a special group of apostles, if at all he did, after he began to entertain the possibility that he might be the Messiah. The correspondence between the number of apostles and that of Israeli tribes also shows that in the earliest Christian tradition, there was no thought of a Gentile mission. Luke seems to have noticed this and talks of a mission of "the seventy" to cover the entire humanity, which was suppose to be divided into seventy nations. [return]

3Mark 3:13-19; Matt. 10:2-4; Luke 6:12-16. Mark mentions the choice of the twelve quite early in Jesus' ministry but suggests (6:12-14) that they were not sent on missions until after John's death. Matthew combines the choice and the mission, putting them both much before John's death. Luke more or less follows Mark. It seems best to put the mission of the twelve after John's death, as in Mark and Luke, and to combine it with the choice of the apostles, as in Matthew. [return]

4Matt. 10:5-6. The other Gospels omit these instructions. [return]

5The instructions given by Jesus to the twelve when he was sending them to preach show new enthusiasm but not new thinking. The message preached by the disciples seems to be the same as what John and Jesus preached earlier. Mark says that they preached "that men should repent," and Matthew and Luke say that the preaching was about the imminence of the kingdom of God. John and Jesus have been preaching the same message (Mark 1:15; Matt. 4:17, etc). [return]

6Matt. 11:1. [return]

 


 

CHAPTER 14

  1. And one day Jesus was preaching to people, O children of Israel, I am the messenger of God to you.

  2. If you believe in me and have faith in the One Living God who creates things out of nothing, He will restore to you your freedom and give to you a kingdom.

  3. Some of the people said to him, What sign you bring that we may believe.

  4. And God inspired Jesus and he said, Bring to me some water.

  5. And when it was brought, he takes some earth, mixeth it with water, and makes with it the figure of a bird.

  6. And he breathed into it, and, behold, it became a living bird. (Note 1)

  7. And as the bird flew away and the people were astonished, Jesus said, Thus cloth God give life to the dead. If therefore you have faith in Him and His messenger, he can lead you also to life and freedom.

  8. And some of the people who heard him believed in him, but some said, This he did by the power of Beelzebub, the chief of the devils.

  9. For is he not the one who preaches against the Sabbath and said that the salvation is not by the law of Moses alone, but by grace and truth and faith?

  10. And king Herod heard of him (for his name was spread abroad) and he said, that John the Baptist was risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works do shew themselves in him,

  11. And he was troubled because that he beheaded John. (Note 2)

  12. And the disciples whom Jesus sent to preach gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him, both what they had done and what they had taught. (Note 3)

  13. And they told him of how a man brought unto them his son who had a dumb spirit.

  14. And he tears him, and he foams and gnashes with his teeth and pines away.

  15. And of times it cast him into the fire, and into the waters, to destroy him.

  16. And his father besought them to cast out the dumb spirit but they could not.

  17. And they asked Jesus, Why could not we cast him out?

  18. And he said to them, This kind can come forth by nothing but by prayer and fasting. (Note 4)

  19. And of the unbelief of his people, he said in a parable, When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walks through dry places, seeking rest, and finds none.

  20. Then he said, I will let the unclean spirit come in again.

  21. Then it goes and takes with itself seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they enter in and dwell there in him: and the last state of that man is worse than the first.

  22. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generations. (Note 5)

Go to Chapter 15


 

Notes (Chapter 14)

1The miracle of the bird is mentioned in the Qur'an (3:49) and some apocryphal Gospels. [return]

2Mark 6:14-16; Luke 9:7-10. [return]

3Mark 6:30-31. Mark says only that the disciples gave a report to Jesus upon their return but fails to say anything about the response they received during their missionary journey. This silence and the story of apostles' failure to heal a boy with a dumb spirit (see verses 13-18) suggests that their mission was less than successful. [return]

4Mark 9:14-29; Matt. 17:14-21. [return]

5Matt. 12:43-45. [return]

 


 

CHAPTER 15

  1. And Jesus came into the region of Dalmanutha, and some of the Pharisees sought from him a sign.

  2. And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and said, Why cloth this generation seek after signs? Do ye not know that signs belong to the Lord and He gives them as He wills?

  3. And he left them and departed from that city. (Note 1)

  4. And a parable concerning the faithless is that a man died and was buried;

  5. And in hell he lifted up his eyes, being in torments, and sees Abraham afar off.

  6. And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send someone that he may dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.

  7. But Abraham said, Son, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed; so that they that would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence.

  8. Then he said, I pray you father that you would send some one to my father's house:

  9. For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

  10. Abraham saith, They have the words of the prophets; let them hear them.

  11. And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.

  12. And he said to him, If they hear not the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead. (Note 2)

  13. Then Jesus began to reproach the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done and which repented not:

  14. Woe to you , Chorazin! woe to you , Bethsaidal! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, in sackcloth and ashes.

  15. But I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment than for you.

  16. And you, Capernaum, which are exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell. (Note 3)

  17. And there came unto him certain of the Pharisees, saying, Get you out, and depart hence: for Herod will kill you. (Note 4)

  18. And when they were gone, he said to his disciples, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod. (Note 5)

  19. And he departed with them privately into a desert place belonging to the region of Bethsaida in the Tetrarchy of Philip. (Note 6)

Go to Chapter 16


 

Notes (Chapter 15)

1Mark 8:11-13; Matt. 12:38-45; Luke 11:29-32. [return]

2Cf. Luke 16:19-31. [return]

3Matt. 11:2l-24; Luke 10:13-15. [return]

4Luke 13:31. When Herod Antipas heard about the activities of Jesus, probably through some of the Pharisees, he considered the possibility that the Baptist's disciples might cause him some inconvenience under the leadership of Jesus. He, however, did not want to take any repressive action since it would have only added to the unpopularity he had earned by executing John. He merely tried to get Jesus out of his territory by conveying a threat through the Pharisees, who, on their part, also wanted Jesus out of their own way. [return]

5Mark 8:15. It seems Jesus understood what the Pharisees and Herod were trying to achieve (see Note 4 above). [return]

6Mark 6:31; Matt. 14:13; Luke 9:10; John 6:1. Mark and Luke state explicitly that Jesus departed into a desert place with his disciples after their return from the missionary journey. Matthew, however, since he puts this journey before John's death (cf. Note 3, Chapter 13) implies that Jesus retreated as soon as he heard about John's death. [return]

 


Chapter 1 Chapter 4 Chapter 7 Chapter 10 Chapter 13 Chapter 16 Chapter 19 Chapter 22 Chapter 25
Chapter 2 Chapter 5 Chapter 8 Chapter 11 Chapter 14 Chapter 17 Chapter 20 Chapter 23 Chapter 26
Chapter 3 Chapter 6 Chapter 9 Chapter 12 Chapter 15 Chapter 18 Chapter 21 Chapter 24 Chapter 27

 

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